Environment & Social

Downstream Program

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Downstream Program


In January 2008 NTPC proposed a revised US$16 million Downstream Implementation Plan to the Lao Government and the International Financial Institutions. This provides a complete analysis of expected project physical impacts and the consequent social and economic effects, as well as measures defined in relation to the specific anticipated impact for each area.

The Downstream Programme’s mitigation, compensation and livelihood restoration activities involves people living along the Xe Bang Fai mainstream, from the junction of the Nam Gnom (located approximately 11 km upstream of the confluence with the downstream channel), to the Mekong River. It includes villages not located along the Xe Bang Fai mainstream but who rely on the Xe Bang Fai for fish or aquatic products.

The Downstream Program also covers villages that rely on the impacted waterway for fish or aquatic products (specifically villages in Khamkeut District and in the Nam Theun Hinterland) and will take into account any impact on historic or spirit sites and temples.

During its implementation the Downstream Program produced extension and training materials regarding livelihood (crops, livestock, aquaculture, fisheries) in various formats such as leaflets, handbooks, posters or videos. Most of it is in Lao language only. This material was developed between 2008 and 2012 in the context of the Xe Bang Fai area for the purpose of the Downstream Program itself. However it is made available in a revised version here for reference and for possible adapted use by other rural development stakeholders in Lao PDR.

These environmental and social obligations represent a significant amount of the total Project cost with the Project undertaking and funding additional ongoing environmental and social responsibilities throughout the concession period.